Yixing clay (simplified Chinese: 宜兴; traditional Chinese: 宜興; pinyin: Yíxīng; Wade-Giles: I-Hsing) is a type of clay from the region near the city of Yixing in Jiangsu province, China. Yixing teaware is considered by many the only possible option for gong fu style tea; beating porcelain, glass, and other clay teapots. The finished stoneware, which is used for teaware and other small items, are usually red or brown in colour. Some photos from a very educational visit to the Yixing Ceramics Museum in Dingshuzhen, Yixing, China, January 2020. The Secret to the Yixing Teapot is in the Clay. The clay of Yixing is known collectively as zisha (purple sand), and there are three basic types: zisha, a purplish-brown clay; banshanlu, a buff-coloured clay, and zhusha, a cinnabar or deep orange-red clay. They can also be used for green or white teas, however, the heat retention characteristics of Yixing makes the brewing process extremely difficult; and in such cases, the water must be heated to no greater than 85 °C (185 °F), before pouring into the teapot. Should you find a Yixing you trust as real, the task continues to grow exponentially in complexity; not all Yixing pots are created equal, and there is in fact a wide range of sub-types of Yixing clay commonly used to make Yixing teapots – some of which should only be used for specific teas or under specific conditions. Both … Your email address will not be published. A yixing zisha teapot - "Melon", which combines zisha and zhuni clays. After this processing, the resulting clay is then ready to be used. HongNi is red clay, and is often lower quality than ZiSha – but ZhuNi is the highest quality of HongNi (the highest fired and even more porous due to the refining process) and is the rarest type of Yixing. Where iron adds the red color and glauconite adds the subtle green color. Yixing Zisha Clay put away for Aging. The screened clay is then mixed with water in a cement mixer to a thick paste, piled into heaps, and vacuum processed to remove air bubbles, in addition to some moisture from the clay mixture. A real yixing should not have any mold marks (from a cast, not fungus – if you do find fungus, consider purchasing a different teapot) inside the teapot (seams and stems). Pour Time: 16 seconds. The names for each type of Zisha have unique origins. The clays can also be formed by throwing. Yixing clays consist of fine iron-containing silt, with mica, kaolinite and varying quantities of quartz and iron ores as its main mineral constituents. I’m not sure how much clay is still existent, but I think there’s a good amount if you’re willing to pay top dollar. Eventually, this research will yield a better scientific understanding of the magic and allure of Yixing clay. Determining the age or provenance of a teapot is difficult or impossible even for experts. Some say it's rare, others that it's extinct, others that it's still available, and others that dahongpao teapots are fake. One doesn’t rely on the appearance to show his nobility, and only that which is true in nature is most valuable and pleasing. And if so, how much is estimated to exist? Yixing clay is fragile so please handle with care. Required fields are marked *, The 19 Areas of Yixing & The 3 Types of Yixing Clay. Green Yixing Clay – Rare. For this reason, each teapot is dedicated to a specific tea type. Public. These teapots are not as efficient as authentic Zisha teapots. The term "yixing clay", and also "zisha clay", is often used as an umbrella term to describe three distinct types of stoneware: The raw materials for yixing clay are buried deep underground, sometimes under heavy sedimentary rock formations. The special Yixing clay helps to refine and round out flavor profile of fine Chinese tea, and can help you achieve the ultimate goal of GongFu – brewing good tea. It’s natural colour is white. Types of Yixing Clay. Zisha clay (also called natural or original clay) is often mixed together, resulting in many different colours. Most of the names come from the color of the clay after firing. Wheel throwing will leave a slight circular pattern on either the inside or outside of the pot. This is why you should rinse them with clear water. Different colors can also be achieved with the addition of mineral pigments such as mixing cobalt oxide with zisha to make black, magnesium oxide with zisha to make a blue color. Tea Suggestion: Ball Style Oolong, Pu-Erh. Many tea connoisseurs will steep only one type of tea in a particular Yixing teapot, so that future brewings of the same type of tea will be optimally enhanced. Therefore, they have a “memory” of the aromas by retaining flavor and color. People have been making yixing style teapots for over a thousand years, but it wasn't always a mainstream practice for tea brewing. It has been known as late as the Ming Dynasty that tea was most suitably brewed in a Yixing teapot. Despite the name, this clay turns dark brown once it is fired. The composition and color of the clay varies by region, and multiple regions are blended to yield the sought after ZiSha, HongNi, and DuanNi clay. An exception to this is Lüni (绿泥/green clay), which refers to the color of the raw material. Articles with unsourced statements since February 2007, Articles with invalid date parameter in template, Diccionario de cerámica inglés - español: C, Diccionario de cerámica inglés - español: Y, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución/Compartir-Igual 3.0, https://ceramica.fandom.com/wiki/Yixing_clay?oldid=92710, CeraWiki:Artículos que necesitan referencias. An Explanation on How Yixing Teaware Gets Made. There are so many types of clay in Yixing Clay category. The known ones are the Yixing clay teapots made from the clay from Yixing in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu. Chaozhou teapots are considered best for drinking Dan Cong Oolongs. This step is important to enhance the plasticity of the clay block. Things started changing since a monk from "Golden Sand Temple" started selling his mesmerizing "Five Colors Clay" (aka Purple Sand or … Yixing duanni teapot. 1. The vast majority of “Yixing” wares available on the market are frauds, made out of industrial clay using slurry molds. They are known as Purple Sand ware, and are typically unglazed. Zi Ni, Qingshui Ni, Di Cao Qing are belonging to this main type. Much has been said about the legendary "Dahongpao" clay from Yixing. For example, yixing clay is perfect for rounding dark oolong tea. There are many types of Yixing clay but they can generally be grouped into two grades of quality: “Earth-clay” made from mud “Stone-clay” made from rock (Zisha) “Earth-clay” is typically used to make mid-grade quality teapots which are widely available in many designs at affordable prices. Updated about 5 months ago. – Gao Zhuang . Capacity: 200mL (6.8oz) Filter Type: Clay, 9 holes. Jiangsu province, China, is renowned for its “Zhuni”, which means red clay, from Yixing county. Other areas of Yixing, non-traditional mines, are now being used for modern Yixing clay… I can’t imagine they will be as good, or mining there would have started ~100+ years ago. Kaolinite  (helps teapot to be more flexible and reduless breakage), Aluminum oxide: (helps it to withstand heat), Ferric oxide (changes the color and makes the teapot matte). There are three types of yixing teapot - purple clay, red clay (hongni, zhuni) and green clay. The Main Categories of Yixing Zisha. Genuine purple clay was extracted from the ZiSha undressed ore in Huang Long mountain (黄龙山), a mountain located in the YiXing, JiangSu province locality. They cover these blocks and put them into rooms which’s temperature and humidity is controlled. Cerámica Wiki es una comunidad FANDOM en Estilo de vida. Yixing clay is a diverse set of processed dirt from 19 different regions within Yixing China. Spout Height: 5.5 cm (2 in) Spout Opening Diameter: 0.7 cm (0.3 in) Mouth Opening Diameter: 5.9 cm (2.3 in) Reviews There are no reviews yet. I love purple clay for it has no color of glaze, just like that you can see one’s mind directly. The type, design and the colour to make out of your Yixing pot depends on the type of clay used. Yixing teapots are intended for puer, black, and oolong teas. Its use dates back to the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279) when purple clay was first mined around Lake Taihu in China[1]. There is some truth in each of these claims. Teamaster Teaparker has donated a sample of the clays from each of these areas to the Institute – an incredibly rare set of samples. in general there are a few things that are best to keep in mind when choosing the best teaware for a particular type of tea. There’re three main types of Yixing Zisha Clay: Zi Ni, Zhu Ni and Lv Ni I. Zi Ni – The most common Type of Yixing Clay Appear purple, dark purple, purple brown or purple red after firing. There is an ideal teapot or gaiwan for each type of tea there is. Kiln Type: Dragon Kiln. The clay is left to age for at least 3-6 months, depending on the type of the ore, the aging period could be longer. With time and good care your Yixing teapot will reward you with more sophisticated flavours. More coming soon. Learning to identify real Yixing requires experience with known samples of known provenance and known age – that’s particularly difficult given that Qing and ROC yixing artists were faking Ming Dynasty pots with real high quality clay for generations. Yixing mined from the 19 traditional areas can be divided into 3 supper classes: The original famous Yixing from the first mine at HuangLong Mountain, Many different shades from various regions, Often contains specks or pockets of green clay & Glauconite (a green hued mineral which does not change color during firing), Green Clay is commonly mixed into ZiSha and DuanNi Yixing, Fired at the highest temperature ~12000 C, Yellow Clay turns red when fired – creating HongNi and ZhuNi, Originates from many areas with many shades. ZiSha is purple clay, and what most 茶人 think of as “Yixing”. Zini. There are three types of yixing teapot - purple clay, red clay (hongni, zhuni) and green clay. It is a word that relates to “rock within a rock”. Yixing clay pottery type of clay customary in Jiangsu province, China. As purple clay is purple brown, ZiSha clay lovers used to call it 'black purple clay'. The clay powder then undergoes air screening to isolate clay particles of the finest grit size. Some of the most popular types of the naturally occurring resource include Zini, Duanni, and Hongni. Each of the 19 areas may have one or more of these types of clay, and almost every teapot made since 1950 is a mixture of multiple areas. The region has been the home of countless artisans for over 500 years. Purple Yixing Clay – Most common. The composition and color of the clay varies by region, and multiple regions are blended to yield the sought after ZiSha, HongNi, and DuanNi clay. 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