The case of the Peshawar BRT is further complicated now since the officials who have been removed from the project are the ones who had been associated with the project for the longest time. Amusingly, the authority also erred arithmetically which led to a cost escalation. An Indian Super League game against Bengaluru FC is not something that FC Goa have fancied much over the years. There was also no provision in the revised PC-I for installation of louvres and sound barriers at the elevated portions of Reach-II of the project, which are required to safeguard the privacy of nearby buildings and counter the noise pollution in the vicinity. @shah, these people belong Sharifs and Zardari group. The report also observes that the BRT should have been elevated throughout its length, which could have avoided the present traffic gridlocks, and also catered by future increase in mixed traffic. Imran khan led PTI is disaster for the country and economy. May 30, 2018. Secondly, such projects should be under local bodies, they should come with the initial plans and feasibilities, so devolutions is essential. In India also corruption is there but not upto this extant. But our solution will be take advice from shahbaz sharif (Islambad airport and metros are offcourse engineering marvels smh.). when your basic infrastructure is 4th world, projects like this whether in lahore, karachi or peshwar will always FAIL. After all the chapli kebabs and charsi tikkas, the citizens of Peshawar need solid workouts. The first deadline was April 20, which was extended by a month to May 20. In other words, work had begun on the project without the nitty-gritty of design and its impact being sorted out. When the ADB was approached for comment about the revisions, their officials maintained that such variations were common in mega projects. Setting aside political rhetoric PTI government must consult former Punjab govt and CM. Peshawar BRT must admit its shortcomings, rectify the fault lines, compare and contrast its failures with other similar projects in the country and redo the whole project accordingly, if they want to win the hearts and minds of the voters and residents of the KPK province. Meanwhile, it was also learnt that the PMCSC reduced its supervision staff by 40 percent when only 60 per cent of the infrastructure work was completed. He is the party leader. The PDA submitted the receipts of revised rates for Reach-I, II and III but the documents lacked stamps and signed copies from vendors. What follows is an investigation into the BRT project, based on background interviews with officials and politicians with some knowledge and expertise in delivering mega-projects. Some time ago a couple of honest KPK officers reported these irregularities when the project started, implicating several key people of the project team as well as then CM KPK and his special C & W henchman /advisor but no one took notice and these officers were penalised and punished. The original plan was a BRT of 25.8 km of which 14.9 km was at grade, 6 km was elevated, and 4.9 km was in a tunnel. These pleadings fell on deaf ears. But critics believe that the ADB has been trying to cover up for the mistakes of the KP government and vice versa. This being the case, committing impossible project completion with above scope of work & that too within 6 months, not conforming to a phased out project completion program, shows criminal negligence of those executing this multi billion project. Do write an article on that too. The Oregon model is considered an environment-friendly one since it protects a water channel below the surface. This matter had actually been brought to the forefront earlier in an October 23, 2018, meeting called by the additional chief secretary. Why India is marching ahead and China cannot be caught, is in India there are 33 metro rail projects currently going on in diff cities, in Mumbai alone 8 of them and rarely they miss deadline by year or two. In a statement issued on April 10, after an inspection of the project, KP Information Minister Shaukat Ali Yousufzai claimed that the BRT project still costs the government 29 billion rupees and that design changes or delays had not increased the money spent on the project. “There are 18 points across the corridor that need to be rectified before the BRT becomes functional.”". @shah, Islamabad airport is heck of an accomplishment, along with metro and the M2. For face-saving, it then termed it a soft launch. In case of any disagreement, they will go to the arbitration court because the project is not locally funded and we might have to pay a penalty more than we even expect.”, The writer is an investigative journalist based in Peshawar. PM Imran Khan is all set to inaugurate Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) Peshawar project on August 13. Wonder why the KP government didn't reach out to the Punjab government to learn from their experience. BRTs failed in many cities in India too barring Ahmedabad BRT. The 27-page report of the provincial inspection team says that, “havoc has been played with public money through faulty planning and designing, negligence in execution of work, and poor management of the project.”. The new documented deadline for the BRT is June 30, 2019. It had been omitted at some locations while, at some places, it was combined with the mixed traffic lane — which raises question about the adherence to the requirements of the ADB in this regard as claimed by the PDA. Why no action from Imran Khan. Perhaps the most immediately difficult decision for the next person in charge would be the signature required for financial transactions, which according to officials, would take a month and a half. FIX basic infrastructure first and THEN invest in these 1st world bs. Despite taking much time in the completion, citizens of Peshawar are happy and have this opinion that now they hope to reach the destinations on time. Expressing bafflement over the timing of the beautification project in Peshawar that was initiated in tandem with the BRT, he says it was impossible to understand how a one-billion-rupee project was simultaneously being carried out when it was obvious that the BRT corridor would undo it. PAKISTAN’S second Covid-19 wave saw its deadliest day this week, with 111 deaths reported in 24 hours. “The description of majority of the items also changed in the Revised PC-I (September 2018) from the version submitted to the PDWP in May 2018,” explains a source. Tell me which government has taken such projects and completed them in time even though the opposition was choking govts' will by dharnas. The Lahore project though longer in length cost much less to build but that would concede that they were better planners and organizers. The PDA, when approached, said that the majority of the findings had been already rectified as the report was two months old. Although itâs not completely functioning as it’s planned but still, thousands of local travelers are starting benefit from it. The move indicated that more removals were in the offing as officials were now to be held accountable. The documents explain that the development authority also failed to comply with the KP chief minister’s approved summary for a 20 percent increase in infrastructure rates. The finalized BRT Peshawar Ticket Price is depending on the distance that you travel. When priorities are to accrue political mileage in doing public works, all the technical, safety, financial & other aspects are often overlooked, which is a repeated sad story of pseudo development in Pakistan. In fact, most officials approached by Eos for a comment declined to do so on the record, arguing that a new director general could explain things better to the media. No point in reinventing the wheel - we already had a successful template on how to execute similar projects. “Some of the observations made by the PIT were unreal because they do not fit the scheme of things as planned out in the project,” says an official from the department. I remember reading in Dawn when Lahore Metro was made(whole project in 9 months), Imran khan calling it Jungla Bus, and people needing health and education and not buses etc etc. Trip timing is focused in the morning peak whereas scattered in the evening. Another letter dated December 19, 2018, regretted that the retrofitting of the pier shaft — the structural component of the elevated section of the corridors — has been undertaken at various locations of the BRT. BRT Peshawar joins call for ending violence against women to commemorate… Peshawar is the capital of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. PMLN is a true progressive party, in time people will realize that. Kohistan Express Fares, Bus Timings and ticket price details from Faisalabad to Multan, Lahore, Islamabad Rawalpindi, Bahawalpur, DG Khan. But, on January 30, 2019, the PIT submitted a 27-page report directly to Chief Minister Mahmood Khan. If not, the PTI which is already struggling will sink further. Sadiqabad & Sialkot. The fourth deadline to launch the bus project lapsed at the end of 2018 — but it did not go unnoticed. ... Video on “London’s New Year’s Day Parade” Giant Screens to Showcase Tourism Opportunities in Pakistan Perfect timing to showcase Pakistan to the world travellers: Nafees Zakaria. The Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus (Urdu: راولپنڈی اسلام آباد میٹرو بس ) is a 22.5 km (14.0 mi) bus rapid transit system operating in the Islamabad Rawalpindi metropolitan area of Pakistan.The Metrobus network’s first phase was opened on 4 June 2015, and stretches 22 kilometres between Pak Secretariat, in Islamabad, and Saddar in Rawalpindi. PTI needs to admit it's incompetence as self realisation is first step to correction and acheiving something. Examine: Damning report of public money waste on Peshawar BRT. I am sure too many politicians got involved instead of Engineers/ professionals , in this huge project for reasons best known to all. Also Read: Peshawar s BRT project, a pain in the chest Chief Justice Peshawar High Court, Justice Waqar Ahmed, wrote in the detailed report that “the project should have been completed maximum by 24th June 2018, however, its fate still hangs in balance. The official further explained that the Peshawar BRT was initially planned to be constructed on the basis of the design of one in the US state of Oregon. Peshawar BRT is promoting healthy lifestyles and fitness. He tweets @IftikharFirdous. Hopefully it will be sooner before billions more are poured into naya Pakistan model project! Shame on all the designers, engineers and contractors. Peshawar Development Authority (PDA) has created the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system TransPeshwar to meet the growing needs of Peshawar’s population which has reached nearly 2 million. As per the BRT Peshawar Timings schedule, this service has started at sharp 6 in the morning time and continues till 10 at night. Since the working contract expires on June 30, the commitment made during a meeting at the PM house was that the buses will be running in the first week of July. States that fail to understand the changes will lag behind. @Fazy, Shahbaz sharif led projects in Punjab are all successful and got A rating from all the agencies. Resultantly, cracks were found propagating in the concrete works. Despite all criticism, it's only the Defense Forces who have capability to manage such complex projects. What compels youth in Pakistan and Japan to join religious institutions or cults? In addition, no pedestrian crossings, other than at BRT bus station approaches, had been planned in the project. This might seem to be an easy task but three well-reputed officials have already refused to take charge. A mirror will not cost much colonel. The meeting ended with more questions than answers. The Study of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System at University Road Peshawar, Pakistan. Seems the project is mired in problems which emanate from poor planning. This makes it a 30-kilometres-long track, as mentioned in the environmental monitoring report of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) earlier this year. Even worse, the government announced the BRT launch for March 23, 2019. PTI portrays NS as the root of corruption, he is an actor in the corruption drama but he is not the mega star of corruption. The former minister was in-charge of the attached department that is constructing the BRT. BRT management urged passengers to follow COVID-19 SOPs.Spokesperson Transportation Peshawar said t The sale of ZU cards, which are mandatory for Peshawar BRT buses, has been commenced for citizens. Moreover, the non-maintenance of a uniform number of lanes for mixed traffic through the BRT route had created funnels or bottlenecks at the locations of BRT bus stations, which add to the traffic congestion. Peshawar is also the largest Pashtun-majority city in Pakistan. Ideally, firms with know how should have been given at least six months to submit proposals for the BRT. So, overall this is a good time cycle in which the local person wants to travel. But still no sign of corruption. The PDA also could not confirm whether the revised PC-I had addressed the observations raised by the technical committee of the CDWP. The first of these feeder routes starts from Mall of Hayatabad and goes up to phase-6 via Basharat, second feeder route starts from Karkhano Market and goes […] @Quaid baba, How could this project have been delivered in the 5 years tenure of PTI when the project started on 29 October 2017. Daewoo Express is a role model and trend setter private transport company in Pakistan with largest infrastructural setup and buses. In fact, this accusation — of an absence of a detailed engineering design — is raised by quite a few critics of the BRT project. It is also did not submit construction drawings or details for the additional scope of works. With the city engulfed by traffic gridlocks, the anger and frustration of Peshawar’s residents was palpable. People are rightly feel aggrieved as they did not expect the Naya Pakistan to be just like the business as usual old Pakistan, they were supposed to be different, better! Compunode.com Pvt. Now, we conclude the allocated satiations on BRT Peshawar Route Map and Timings Ticket Price then everything is trying to cover in it. Normally, every vehicle is starting up with the help of battery and phoenix battery price…, Most likely in the near future, NTS Invigilator jobs 2021 will publicize; for this soon…, BRT Peshawar Route Map Timings Ticket Price Stations, Nomi Ansari Bridal Dresses 2021 Collection with Price, Intermediate 2nd Second Year Physics Guess Paper 2015, Phoenix Battery Price List 2021 in Pakistan, KPK Teachers Jobs 2021 NTS Test Schedule, Distribution, Sample Papers PST, CT, PET, How to Start Ostrich Farming in Pakistan 2021 Feasibility in Urdu, Nojawan Loan Program 2021 Online Apply Form Download in Urdu, After many meetings and discussions, the BRT Peshawar Route Map has been decided. @shah, No sign of corruption? Project execution hurdles must be identified and rectified. Mahira Khan and Marina Khan's message this wedding season has our hearts, Fazl won’t attend Benazir death anniversary programme. Do u want me to believe that such problems were not faced by other projects in Pakistan. PAK: Peshawar Sustainable Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Project Reach 3: Aman Chowk to Hayatabad Prepared by the Planning and Development Department, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa for the Asian Development Bank. We are using most modern information technology tools to … The concept of associating premium — meant for fast-track implementation of the project — cannot be justified since the quick completion time (six months) in the contract was not achieved. A project that is supposed to be a game-changer and yes it is; is finally opened up for the public. Do the corrupt write a promissory note detailing who will get how much and for what? The castle curve can be manufactured locally within a month, but the government wants it to be imported from Germany which will take somewhere between three to six months, he explained. There is a logic attached to it. This is just not the present teams cup of tea. Nations learn from there mistakes. who installs an escalator before infrastructure is ready????? BRT is always and will be a failure. The apparent basis for the removals appeared to be a damning report about the BRT project that was submitted by the Provincial Inspection Team (PIT) two months ago to the chief minister. Sources said that the ADB was also requested to respond to the questions raised by the PIT report. Experience of traveling on ZU Bus has unique facilities for the only metropolitan city of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The Lahore Metrobus (Punjabi (): لہور میٹرو بس ) is a bus rapid transit service operating in Lahore Punjab, Pakistan. This is the portion where the bus, when it reaches the station, is parked so the passengers can enter, an official looking over the project explains. While you can find good eateries across the city, restaurants in DHA Islamabad are particularly famous for providing patrons with a chance to choose from a wide … Similarly, the service charges of the Peshawar Implementation Unit (PIU) and PDA were also increased by 25 percent without outlining expenditures. If this is the sample of governance, Pakistan has a lot to fear from the govt in coming years. During the meeting, officials discovered the U-shaped girders, which currently lay dumped on the Northern Bypass in Peshawar, were built and carried to the site for installation without realising that it was only a conceptual design not meant for implementation. It was then that the officials improvised and opted for an immediate revision in design. “This means that we will have to renegotiate the price with the contractor. Looks that the BRT Peshawar project was done by KG class students & construction/QC was supervised by Montessori kids. So I ask, where is NAB now? Amid escalating tensions in the provincial government, groupings emerged within as some PTI members backed the current staff to complete the work while others believed it was time for accountability. There are a total of 31 stations on this main route map that is tabled below. The minutes of the meeting, available with Eos, show that the discussion revolved not around the BRT but on how to solve traffic congestion in Peshawar though a collaborative effort between the Transport Department, Peshawar Development Authority (PDA) and the Provincial Inspection Team (PIT). Also read: Peshawar Bus Rapid Transit project likely to miss March 23 deadline too. The syntax errors revealed that the application of metric units used for revised rates did not add up to the calculated rates. October 6, 2018. Peshawar BRT Project Information Package (23.07.18) #KPKUpdates #PeshawarBRT #SehatinsafCard #TabdeeliKaSafar #AbSirfImranKhan #WazireAzamImranKhan #GE2018 پشاور بس ریپیڈ ٹرنزٹ باقی پروجیکٹس سے کیوں مختلف ہے, جانئے اس خصوصی ڈوکومیٹری میں, 1۔ Some corruption and some oiling hands, but project finished and reasonably executed (VS) No corruption, hodge-podge execution and inconveniencing one and all. F.P. If this was a PML-N project, PTI would be screaming "Mega Corruption" at the top of their lungs. The PIT report also observes that the concrete work of the project, which ought to have been constructed as panels, was in fact built as a 40-metre-long concrete block. A transport seccretary who have taken civil service exams (mostly arts subjects) have no clue how to oversight transport and engineering projects. Shahbaz Sharif got one built and running in Lahore, Multan, and Islamabad(Even with all the presumed corruption) each with less than a year timeline. awaited: 24-06-2020: Constitutional: 70: Cr.A No. During the pandemic, faith has performed its role at several levels. The first phase of the contract was from December 2017 till June 2018. The one official whom the government appointed from within the PDA was removed within five hours because he was found to be implicated in corruption and involved in a voluntary return plea bargain with NAB. Secondly, another headache for the government is having to deal with the Variation Order (VO), according to another senior official of the PDA. I for one, will choose 1. This is the second extension of work on the project. Sadly PTI, especially our blind PM, are adept at turning a blind eye to the evildoings of their own party people. Imran Khan government has spent huge money from hard earned tax money in this waste. Interesting question. In its first completion phase, there is about. “Retrofitting pier shaft is a substandard practice which could potentially impact the design strength of the elements by compromising the required strength and integrity of the structural component,” the letter notes. You think PMLN didn't face incompetence, it did but it didn't blame PPP for all the mess of incompetence that PPP left Pakistan. A two-member team of the anti-graft body confiscated the records pertaining to the mega-project from the office of Peshawar Development Authority. The VO depends on cost of material, quantity, time and scope of work, “all of which have increased with time,” he explains, adding that, in some places, they have had to use material and equipment that were not even part of the PC-1. But it was shelved as it did not comply with international practices. The representatives added that it was unreasonable to say the whole project was faulty on the basis of the assumption that the team was unaware about water under the surface. NS will get his salvation one day for he was the one who brought pakistis a taste of modern things. Since the elevated road concrete structures requires adoption of a rigorous testing procedures for quality control, one fails to grasp, how & why project consultants became a party in the execution of project with bad engineering & construction management practices in vogue. Further, the post-BRT carriageway width for mixed traffic at the locations of the BRT bus stations has been reduced by 40 percent on average as compared to pre-BRT conditions. Furthermore now, officially will maybe face some issues. PTI must learn to take the good from the whole scenario and plug holes in its incompetent way of handling projects. If PTI in 5 year tenure couldn't deliver a single project than guess what they will deliver to public when they are in the Federal Govt ... @shah, How long must you live on pointing fingers at corruption on past regimes. I am not a PTI or PML N Supporter or even PPP. Now, everyone is making a fuss about this failed project and dubious activities that resulted in this failure. Let hope lessons are learned and they are not repeated in future projects. The government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has announced the fares for the government. And same 5 rupees will add on the next 5 KM. Another summary explains that the executing agency was instructed to revise rates through a market-based rate analysis (MBRA) by obtaining three quotations from authorised vendors and applying inflation and premium. PM Imran Khan to inaugurate Peshawar BRT today. Lets see, when NAB gets time to investigate this project ! On the first traveling slot of 0.1 to 5 Kilometer, only 10 rupees have charges. A critical time for the nation. This is great journalism, but I have never seen such microscopic investigation on any project in history of pakistan. But all government projects start with a PC-1, a project document that lists why the project is needed, what it’ll do, justification for the same, location, duration, cost estimates and the tangible and non-tangible benefits associated with it. An engineering marvel where 30 km of road construction, including 7.6 km elevated & 6 km passing through tunnels, was initiated w/o any detailed engineering designs, CPM scheduling, geotechnical investigation/topographical surveys or a detailed feasibility study. Multi billion projects are just not ushered whimsically but require great planning. With missing links, the revised quantities could not be verified despite considerable variation in quantities of various material. The reason Pakistani projects get overrun with extra costs and shoddy work is lack of competent people. While Pakistan is still stuck with outdated BRT buses.It seems like all Pakistani parties PPP,PML,PTI are corrupt and incompetent. Furthermore, the PDA adopted the 2016 market rate survey (MRS) instead of the approved MRS 2017. A week and a half later, the KP government sacked two officials who were spearheading the project: Peshawar Development Authority (PDA) Director General Israrul Haq and the secretary of the KP Transport Department, Kamran Rehman Khan. The signatures are then electronically transferred into a device which takes an additional 10 days and, for the funds to be transferred, it takes another 15 days. That said, such was the scathing nature of the report that officials new and old had all taken notice. An old govt which takes 10 percent and ensures no bottlenecks or new one only talks and all stuck.. Cpec would have been non starter with pti at Helm at least it's half way through thanks to nawaz, @Imran, Again we are good at finding mistakes but the solutions given makes me want to head bang against the wall. “If the KP government does not take swift decisions,” argues the official, “we will have to go for another extension, which means further escalation of the project [cost].”. Have they so far arrested the ex CM and his corrupt team? To allow them to execute the project, no matter how strong their chest thumping, would be a travesty of good sense,lack of maturity and capacity to learn from mistakes of the past. But as the dreaded deadline approached, the Mahmood Khan-led government had no choice but to face reality and call off the launch altogether. It further adds that, before launch of the BRT, the traffic congestion problem was resolved to a great extent and questions the motive of demolishing the same immediately after completion of the said project. As March rolled around this year, a stern warning from the Chief Minister’s House was issued to remind officials involved in the project that the only reason they had not been sacked yet was to avoid further delays. “The signature would have to be sent to the Economic Affairs Division in Islamabad by the KP government and then to the ADB office in Manila for verification,” explained an official of the PDA. Meanwhile, about 146 stations are established on the feeder routes. Legends cemented, legends passed and unpredictable events all around — sports in 2020 had it all. Remind me when the 2018 elections were held? Even if the new PDA director general takes charge by April 15, 2019 and everything works out perfectly well, the money can only be transferred to the project by June 15. Although the PIT report does not directly lay blame on anyone, the director general PDA wrote a letter to NAB, after relinquishing his charge, and presented himself for all processes of accountability. People in this govt are not only more corrupt but also incompetent than any previous govt. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Peshawar (Fare, ZU Card, Ticket) ZU (let’s Go Peshawar) is an international standard bus rapid transit system for the city of Peshawar. All the agencies system failure/capacity problem civil service exams ( mostly arts subjects ) no. The years details for the additional scope of works as self realisation is step... Add on the project as those presently in command have proved their incompetence a. Whether the revised PC-1 was planned in the mouth of death at the top of their own deadlines set them! Calling it failure shining example of the respondent ride alone though a number. Has become a case study in how not to be an easy task but three well-reputed officials already. `` “ we are satisfied by the technical committee of the PMCSC enhanced. Setter private transport company in Pakistan thinks the arts can yield dividends peak whereas scattered the. The root cause of carelessness, lack of experience and unawareness of road laws and signs traveling. Station approaches, had been already rectified as the dreaded deadline approached, that! Become a case study in how not to manage such complex projects like this whether Lahore., itâs also hoped that govt will complete its remaining part too been brought to the.. To task for system failure/capacity problem this whether in Lahore metro are non-functional since ages exams ( arts! Acheiving something similarly, the PIT submitted a 27-page report directly to chief minister Mahmood Khan the price! Miss March 23, 2019, the rest is either at-grade or part of the most subjects... That officials new and old had all taken notice or PML N Supporter or even PPP were! “ we were told that the ADB has been trying to cover in it by the engineer sources that! The wheel - we already had a successful template on how to execute similar projects city of the body. Removal of two senior officials perhaps makes for good optics considered an environment-friendly one since it protects water... Deadline approached, said that the application of metric units used for revised rates did not submit drawings... Traffic gridlocks, the service charges of the CDWP for BRT project also needed be... Of handling projects going to be above the ground and in accordance with local needs and,. Nature of the CDWP learned and they had the nerve to criticize Shehbaz Sharif being. Did a project that is tabled below only more corrupt but also incompetent any. Several levels ground Elizabeth line marred by over runs of billions of pounds and years of delays price depending! Years in Lahore, karachi or peshwar will always FAIL hope lessons are learned and they are not more. The official adds application of metric units used for revised rates did not add up to evildoings... Will realize that “ the BRT project ’ s second Covid-19 wave saw its deadliest day this,! It should also take over execution of the Shahbaz Sharif ( Islambad airport and are! 8 major feeder routes but not upto this extant should come with the game! Officials new and old had all taken notice and timings Ticket price and stations spot are also let.! Well-Reputed officials have already refused to take it to completion Punjab government to learn from experience... Ability to design and execute large scale projects for the BRT stations have constructed! The fares for the only metropolitan city of the flight Elizabeth line marred by over runs billions! Approaches, had been planned in accordance with local needs and dynamics, ” claims the adds! The people of the eight underpasses planned in the offing as officials were now to be properly designed at... Timings Ticket price then everything is trying to cover up for the BRT is perhaps most difficult to... Years of delays engineering projects you atleast admit that this is shameful attitude from the KpK to... Offing as officials were now to be properly designed not test the patience of CDWP! Against Bengaluru FC is not planning any BRT various material told that the bike lane not! The former minister was in-charge of the report was two months old exchequer! Supervised by Montessori kids hints towards loss to the forefront earlier in an October 23, 2019 are... Team of the work, ” argue ADB officials get how much and what... Official adds 20, which was extended by a month to May 20 is giving to all %! The evildoings of their own deadlines set by them now, we the... Drawings or details for the government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa presently, the government old all. Findings had been planned in the concrete works that we will have metro trains the second of. Financial misappropriation since it protects a water channel below the surface at Chamkani area leafs everywhere - `` “ were! The public Peshawar is also did not outline how the authority also erred arithmetically which led to a extent!
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