To refinish wood furniture, it's good to know what finish is currently on the wood. Your painter will know for sure when pressure washing, old stain usually comes off easily while paint can fight to the bitter end. Most stained wood has been coated in a glossy polyurethane or varnish. Rub a small amount of denatured alcohol, using a clean cotton swab, into another inconspicuous spot. I wanted a sleeker look and knew I could achieve that with stain. The main types of finishing treatments are oil, paint, shellac, polyurethane, lacquer and varnish. This is especially required in case if you have currently painted siding because it needs a lot of sanding and priming in order to stain the wood siding that was previously painted. He said he saw evidence of bear wood and peeling. Unlike water or oil-based stain, a varnish stain will produce a clear and protective transparent finish. Many interior wood stains and deck stains are formulated with pigment or dye. The hardest part of any paint job is the prep. Pages and pages of tips, tricks, and step by step advice. Paint is liable to peel, crack or flake, whereas stain is more resistant to chipping. After you figure this out, you'll know if you can apply the new finish you want over top or if the wood has to be stripped. The Basics: What is Wood Stain? These first strokes I could tell the stain was a bit thick so I had to add more water. Water-based wood stain tends to stain more evenly and be more environmentally friendly. I know I needed a product that would block the stain and wood tannins from seeping through the paint that could change the tint of the white paint. Paint makes a thin layer on top of the wood while stain sinks into the pores of the wood. Shellac will dissolve immediately, but varnish will react slowly to the denatured alcohol. This was the stain I used (in medium oak), it’s both a stain and a varnish (which meant I could skip the sealing step). I always say “It’s your space. Wood is an exceptionally strong and durable material, used in the production of furnishings and flooring, for use both indoors and outdoors. Usually, any kind of paint will be able to adhere to a primed … It will be wise if you stick to the same product that was previously applied, whether paint or stain. Even wood that has been stained a dark color can be painted over using the proper tools and techniques. Kitchen cupboards, cabinets, previously stained furniture, factory finished, wood, veneer or laminate, and even previously painted finishes. 4 layers – makes any piece look painted. At its simplest description, wood stain is a type of paint that is used to color wood. If you want to refinish a piece of wood furniture or even wood trim, the first thing you have to do is figure out what type of finish is on the wood. You can always paint the object a lighter color before applying the stain, if desired. In order to allow the paint to grip to the surface of your wood, you should sand away the gloss. The lacquer will dissolve completely in this time, but varnish and shellac will become tacky. Stains give a more rugged feel – perfect if you’re going for an ‘au naturel’ effect. Paint peels and stain fades. Choose a stain made for your object's material for a brighter, longer-lasting finish. In order to achieve this result, indoor wood stains usually contain colorants that interact with the wood it covers. Transparent stain does sink into the wood it just has much more dye or pigment added to it to simple change the color of the wood. Paint with greater gloss means that the surface is less porous. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. … There is really no painted surface that cannot be re-painted so long as the painter remembers three essentials. Apply the Main Color. Furniture-Refinishing-Guide.com has the best information on finding, repairing and refinishing furniture! If your object is made of wood, for example, use a wood stain. This this paint over stain technique, gel stain will cover over wood putty and you won’t be able to tell it’s there. Brush it on as evenly as you can making swift strokes along with the grain of the wood. This is because unlike traditional stain, gel stains don’t penetrate the surface. Some acrylic stains, if applied thickly, can also peel but peeling stain feels different than paint. Traditional Stain (Previously Stained or Painted Wood) There are two conventional methods for staining a finished piece of furniture, whether it has an existing stain or is painted. If you are short on time, look for fast-drying wood stain that is dry to … He further indicated that if it was painted, the next refresh must be paint and not stain. Unlike thin, transparent stains that penetrate into the wood, solid stain sits on top of the wood, like paint, to form a uniform coat. If the acetone beads, the current finish is polyurethane. If you don’t want any stain getting on to your hands, it’s probably a good idea to wear gloves at this point If it is applied to a painted surface, this process cannot take place. To do a moisture Test, all you do is stick the two metal probes into the wood and wait for the digital LED reading to appear. Rub a small amount of acetone, using a clean cotton swab, into another less-visible part of the wood. Paint peels and stain fades. Sheviak has a Bachelor of Arts in English and history from the University of Toronto and a diploma in journalism from Centennial College in Toronto. If you have ever painted furniture with latex paint then you know it can get thick since you need two light coats of primer and then two light coats of paint. For that, first strip off all of the paint, then apply the stain. Gel stain is thicker, providing better control of the color. Whilst the paint was drying on the dresser, I began staining the wood on the drawers. If it beads, the finish is shellac, polyurethane, lacquer or varnish. Apply paint using a roller or paintbrush. I know so many people have opinions about painting wood or leaving as is. My cedar sided house needs to be restained, or so I thought. The stain will more easily slide off, resulting in a lighter color. Varnish-based finishes are a bit similar to alkyd paint, but they don’t color the wood as much. Do what makes you happy!”. 7. While you can stain over paint, realize that you are creating a unique look, not an authentic stained wood-grain look. A few stains are meant for concrete, but most stains are meant to be used on wood. The decision on which one to use depends on the wood species to be stained, the space in which the work will be accomplished, and how important environmental friendliness is to the homeowner. What’s Currently on the Surface? For both painted and stained cabinets, the maintenance is fairly easy; wipe the surface with a soft cloth to remove most debris and dust, and use a wood friendly cleaner for more stubborn stains. Paint isn’t irreversible. Yes, stain. HomeAdvisor's Painted vs. Stained Cabinets Guide compares paint and stain for kitchen and bathroom cabinets, including pros, cons, costs, and types like gel stain or white paint. The new painter that was giving me a quote indicated that the last guy used paint. Find out which is better for the grade or type of wood like oak, cedar and mahogany. Crowder Painting answered. Wood surfaces are enhanced, rather than covered up, by stain. Paint the wood with primer: This is especially important if the wood has been stained to a dark color. I don’t know how I would have felt about painting an original finish, but I resort back to the comment above. In the video I mix up a larger batch in a small jar as I was staining larger pieces of wood. If you previously painted the object a dark color, the stain will show up best if you strip the paint first. Karen Sheviak has more than 10 years of experience as a writer, researcher and copy editor for "Canadian Living" magazine. If not, wait for a couple of minutes. Using a suitable good quality primer or sealer will almost certainly … Do what makes you happy. Because each stain produces a distinctive look on different types of wood, it's crucial to use a scrap from the same wood … Next, coat the entire piece of furniture with a thin layer of your selected paint. At least this applied to oil base stains. One option is to test stain on an area of the piece that won't show--such as the bottom or back of a dresser. I thought the last painter stained. A varnish stain can be used as a top-coat for an already stained piece of wood. If it beads, the finish is shellac, polyurethane, lacquer or varnish. How can I tell if it was stained or painted? If the wood had previously been painted the existing paint will keep the new stain from sinking into the pores. One option is to completely sand off the entire finish so that you get down to the bare wood. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, Acme How-To: How to Determine Type of Wood Finish. Let’s walk through what wood stain actually is and what it’s used for, the different types of wood stains, how long the different types can last, and how you can tell if it’s time to toss out your wood stain. Another is to use a piece of scrap wood for a tester. When purchasing a primer, ask the paint professional what type of stain-killer primers are available for purchase. Like paint, wood stain can be oil-based or water-based. Step 1 Rub a small amount of linseed oil, using the cotton swab, into an inconspicuous spot on the furniture or trim. And that is how I stain wood with acrylic paint. Not wood toned stain, but solid color black stain. At least this applied to oil base stains. Yes, if your house has paint on it now then it will have to have paint in the future. Unlike paint, stain also comes in gel form. If the oil absorbs into the wood, the finish is likely oil. Most stained wood has a coat of protective varnish that must be eliminated as well. In order to withstand the test of time and increase the aesthetic appeal of this organic material, a finish must be applied with options including either paint or stain. How to Paint Over Oil-Based Stained Wood. Touch or scrape the area lightly with your finger. Rub a small amount of linseed oil, using the cotton swab, into an inconspicuous spot on the furniture or trim. Many of today’s homes feature rough-sawn and textured siding and shingles to reflect natural looking, contemporary architecture treatments. Normally I would use 2 coats of stain blocking primer and then 2 coats of paint. Revive the deck using a solid stain. All you’ll need to give your wood a new coat of paint is sand paper or a deglosser liquid, spackle, primer, and your favorite wood paint. Removing wood stain can be an involved process since it absorbs into the grain of the wood. Stain or Paint – Which Product To Use? How can I tell if my cedar sided house was stained or painted. If the oil absorbs into the wood, the finish is likely oil. If you paint over these glossy surfaces directly, the paint can't properly grip the surface which may cause the paint to crack, chip, or peel off. Typically, an indoor wood stain would be used to alter a wood cabinet’s exterior color (often towards a darker, richer wood hue). 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