/A 198 0 R /Next 195 0 R /Prev 199 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 198 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 113 0 R /XYZ 0 456 null ] >> endobj 199 0 obj << /Title (Objective 6:) /A 200 0 R /Next 197 0 R /Prev 201 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 200 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 101 0 R /XYZ 0 341 null ] >> endobj 201 0 obj << /Title (Objective 5:) /A 202 0 R /Next 199 0 R /Prev 203 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 202 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 83 0 R /XYZ 0 236 null ] >> endobj 203 0 obj << /Title (Objective 4:) /A 204 0 R /Next 201 0 R /Prev 205 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 204 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 83 0 R /XYZ 0 523 null ] >> endobj 205 0 obj << /Title (Objective 3:) /A 206 0 R /Next 203 0 R /Prev 207 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 206 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 67 0 R /XYZ 0 218 null ] >> endobj 207 0 obj << /Title (Objective 2:) /A 208 0 R /Next 205 0 R /Prev 209 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 208 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 67 0 R /XYZ 0 734 null ] >> endobj 209 0 obj << /Title (Objective 1:) /A 210 0 R /Next 207 0 R /Prev 211 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 210 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 45 0 R /XYZ 0 472 null ] >> endobj 211 0 obj << /Title (Interest Approach.) 0000005519 00000 n 0000005057 00000 n /A 218 0 R /Next 215 0 R /Prev 219 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 218 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 1 0 R /XYZ 0 734 null ] >> endobj 219 0 obj << /Title (Student Learning Objectives.) 0000004116 00000 n 0000006107 00000 n HF��߮ �^C���dD�9b6�!��@�\�Dkg2���0,�ܧe�ۍ�d�*7zk���v� @2p�8�a�3�����(ye֍�Ba�����a�UQ/v�絏g��u��9��A*f�n5��g%M^9��|T���_ �A�R!N���mg����ܦN;�f��h�,�@u\�����4�reGF����谿�ؽ:LI�p��q�e���� ��&�|ݔe��!P�H This volume is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students interested in understanding the principles of soil conservation and management. Planting Vegetation as ground cover: Farmers plant trees and grass to cover and bind the soil. The main factors responsible for soil erosion, in India, are excessive deforestation, overgrazing and faulty agricultural practices. 0000003836 00000 n 2.1 Types of Erosion Soil erosion is the process by which wind, ice, water and gravity wear away the land’s surface. 168 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 171 /H [ 2589 644 ] /L 116548 /E 51745 /N 13 /T 113069 >> endobj xref 168 95 0000000016 00000 n 0000008175 00000 n Poorly managed construction sites can be substantial sediment sources to these surface waters. ADVERTISEMENTS: Principles of soil conservation: The chief agents of soil erosion are water and wind. 0000005695 00000 n Principles of Soil Science Marty Petrovic Introduction What is soil? 0000007282 00000 n /A 194 0 R /Next 191 0 R /Prev 195 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 194 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 113 0 R /XYZ 0 281 null ] >> endobj 195 0 obj << /Title (Application.) �E�NFY 6a償��/���d6��>0��ZՅz:�Q�f"x6ͲT�xe���x�r��Z����-�77n������< �j���[�& gnN��ݡ^�#� View HW 4-Soil Erosion.pdf from ABE 224 at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign. 0000003391 00000 n H��V�r�6}�W��T0.H��N���8�T�&YpxрT�C��]\HQ����h �8{vq�����G�E$��'$Ey���_oS�Q��"J)F��y4�&�/��M.��衅�ya���E�Y�mS_Li�����������f>���O`=F,�G ¢�h�G� �t4Ii$����t�$A���C����z>��B���&�&8���(8���_�J����J��ѥ�nL��> X����1�����N��AU����{#�N�u;. When land is cleared of protective covering, it is much more susceptible to erosion. Soil erosion can be avoided by using land within its capability. 0000009998 00000 n The actual art of soil conservation is based on certain basic principles which include: ADVERTISEMENTS: (i) Protection of soil from impact of rain drops (ii) To slow down the water from concentrating and moving down the slope in a narrow […] Principles of 137Cs method 9 4. 2 7KH VRLO HURVLRQ SURFHVV EHJLQV E\ ZDWHU IDOOLQJ DV UDLQGURSV DQG ÀRZLQJ RQ the soil surface. /A 224 0 R /Next 221 0 R /Prev 225 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 223 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 171 0 R /FitH 512 ] >> endobj 224 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 171 0 R /XYZ 0 496 null ] >> endobj 225 0 obj << /Title (Problem Area 6.) 0000005868 00000 n Fast Download speed and ads :L�j�N�Y�K%x��#�?�����yb~2y;�9]`�}k�28F̺/�#�D"2�<3��"����U\sM1)��ƚ��!��X�b4ņM�z���>�0� |��ƭp����«@��yF!n�ZRC���`���c4���2� During construction, if disturbed land is left unprotected its erosion … ���[�| ��/������x��E(.�+p�^�[_���8=�H[Wm��`U����.d�`qv� 6ܜYbe� � �zCVKs3Z-z�c� �2B�� Soil erosion is the washing or blowing away (by water or wind) of the top layer of the soil. PART 91, SOIL EROSION AND SEDIMENTATION CONTROL (SESC), of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act (NREPA), 1994 PA 451, as Amended Why is erosion and sediment control important? 0000004247 00000 n 0000004418 00000 n 0000009167 00000 n 0000004885 00000 n 0000007646 00000 n Wind erosion of sandy coastal soils is often overlooked and can be a major source of sediment leaving a construction site. The best choice of plants to prevent soil erosion are herbs, wild flowers and small trees. Sediment is the greatest pollutant by volume impacting our lakes, streams, and wetlands. 0000017071 00000 n Soil erosion 1. 0000014054 00000 n 0000006907 00000 n 0000016025 00000 n 0000008543 00000 n Soil erosion is often the effect of many natural causes, such as water and wind. 0000037417 00000 n 501.10 Forms of water erosion Forms of soil erosion by water include sheet and rill, ephemeral gully, classical gully, and streambank. Soil is a virtual necessity for civilizations to thrive. Soil erosion is a leading cause of water quality problems in Indiana. Good construction management for soil conservation requires an understanding of the following basic principles: Soil Erosion Control – The First Line of Defense . 0000008617 00000 n 0000037556 00000 n Eroded topsoil particles contain a higher percentage of clay minerals, organic matter and nutrients than the remaining (sub-) soil itself. Data analysis, interpretation and presentation 35 8. 0000048180 00000 n 0000002528 00000 n 0000008398 00000 n 0000004715 00000 n Soil Erosion The Greatest Challenge For Sustainable Soil Management. YL��T�����2,`�d~!�a٥�,�"w��v\80�����vQ �oxw9�'�5��@څ�A|6������H3�@� -˻� endstream endobj 262 0 obj 521 endobj 171 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 154 0 R /Resources 240 0 R /Contents 247 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 172 0 obj << /Count 30 /Type /Outlines /First 173 0 R /Last 174 0 R >> endobj 173 0 obj << /Title (HOME) /A 238 0 R /Next 233 0 R /Parent 172 0 R /SPI_AS << /S 0 /D (20020508#092437)>> >> endobj 174 0 obj << /Title (Content Standards) /Prev 175 0 R /Parent 172 0 R /A 176 0 R >> endobj 175 0 obj << /Title (Matrixes) /Prev 178 0 R /Parent 172 0 R /A 179 0 R /SPI_AS << /S 0 /D (20020508#092501)>> /Next 174 0 R >> endobj 176 0 obj << /S /GoToR /F 177 0 R /D [ 0 /FitH 795 ] >> endobj 177 0 obj << /Type /FileSpec /F (../Standards.pdf) >> endobj 178 0 obj << /Title (Index/Glossary) /Next 175 0 R /Prev 181 0 R /Parent 172 0 R /A 182 0 R /SPI_AS << /S 0 /D (20020508#092457)>> >> endobj 179 0 obj << /S /GoToR /D [ 0 /FitH 795 ] /F 180 0 R >> endobj 180 0 obj << /Type /FileSpec /F (../Matrixes.pdf) >> endobj 181 0 obj << /Title (TM: C6�8C) /A 184 0 R /Next 178 0 R /Prev 185 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 182 0 obj << /S /GoToR /F 183 0 R /D [ 0 /FitH 795 ] >> endobj 183 0 obj << /Type /FileSpec /F (../Index.pdf) >> endobj 184 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 140 0 R /XYZ 0 734 null ] >> endobj 185 0 obj << /Title (TM: C6�8B) /A 186 0 R /Next 181 0 R /Prev 187 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 186 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 137 0 R /XYZ 0 734 null ] >> endobj 187 0 obj << /Title (TM: C6�8A) /A 188 0 R /Next 185 0 R /Prev 189 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 188 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 134 0 R /XYZ 0 734 null ] >> endobj 189 0 obj << /Title (Sample Test) /A 190 0 R /Next 187 0 R /Prev 191 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 190 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 128 0 R /XYZ 0 734 null ] >> endobj 191 0 obj << /Title (Answers to Sample Test:) /A 192 0 R /Next 189 0 R /Prev 193 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 192 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 113 0 R /XYZ 0 217 null ] >> endobj 193 0 obj << /Title (Evaluation.) 300 ‘soil associations’ and about 30 ‘soilscapes’ in England and Wales (Scotland and Northern Ireland have a different classification system). Soil erosion and sediment runoff to waterways are significant problems in Minnesota. 0000008981 00000 n 0000008236 00000 n Department of Agronomy MF2860 Erosion Principles of Wind Erosion and its Control A collection of minerals, organic matter, nutrients, gases, and water, soil is responsible for the production of the majority of the world’s food supply. 2. 0000006623 00000 n 137Cs method – validation and use of soil erosion models 41 9. Conversion of 137Cs data to soil loss values 31 7. The bulletin outlines factors that influence soil erosion from water, including rainfall and runoff intensity, soil erodibility, cropping and vegetation, slope length and gradient, and tillage practices. 1 / 4 Introduction to Conservation Agriculture: principles and benefits Source Conservation Agriculture in FAO Keywords Soil erosion, no tillage, plants, land, soil Country of first practice Brazil ID and publishing year 7413 and 2012 Sustainbale Development Goals Zero … 0000005174 00000 n The type of soil moreover affects the potentiality of the occurrence of soil erosion. 0000002251 00000 n 0000045210 00000 n ���X�0UL*.P!%�4�[Z� 34 L���4(�;$�d?cP5���d�Q|�3�`�`8���`�P�}�M�p3�a������B�`���x���$��nN�� |@��a�@�>�H+�� 1!�FQ ���� PRINCIPLES OF EROSION CONTROL ON CONSTRUCTION SITES 3.1 Planning Phase Controls 12 A practical way of combating erosion is to plan control measures before work starts on a project. 0000007073 00000 n II. Water conservation is the use and management of water for the good of all users.Soil conservation is defined as the control of soil erosion in order to maintain agricultural productivity. Splash erosion Site selection and sampling strategy 17 5. 0000006451 00000 n /A 214 0 R /Next 211 0 R /Prev 215 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 214 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 1 0 R /XYZ 0 418 null ] >> endobj 215 0 obj << /Title (List of Equipment, Tools, Supplies, and Facilities) /A 216 0 R /Next 213 0 R /Prev 217 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 216 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 1 0 R /XYZ 0 524 null ] >> endobj 217 0 obj << /Title (List of Resources.) 0000003475 00000 n 0000008066 00000 n 0000004350 00000 n 0000012311 00000 n 0000011699 00000 n 9. Thus, soil erosion is a serious problem in Ethiopia. Erosion whether it is by water , wind or tillage, involve three distinct action- soil … /A 196 0 R /Next 193 0 R /Prev 197 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 196 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 113 0 R /XYZ 0 377 null ] >> endobj 197 0 obj << /Title (Review/Summary.) Fine soil can be easily carried far away by the wind whereas the coarse heavier soil can only be dislodged for short distances. 0000004184 00000 n According to the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA 2016), approximately 30 percent of the state’s rivers and streams are impaired by sediment. 0000003694 00000 n 0000004990 00000 n 3. This volume is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students interested in understanding the principles of soil conservation and management. Objective 2: Identify the causes of soil erosion and steps in the erosion process. 0000005346 00000 n This is why erosion control on construction sites is such a focus and a primary objective. prevents soil erosion and sediment discharges. The result of this wearing away of land is that soil particles are dislodged and put into motion. Principles of Construction Erosion Control Prevention of urban erosion is best. Analysing 137Cs data: gamma spectroscopy 27 6. 0000014318 00000 n 0000006557 00000 n 0000006973 00000 n �2�@߀U���B���� The 3 main principles to control erosion are to: use land according to its capability; protect the soil surface with some form of cover; control runoff before it develops into an erosive force. H�b```f`��e`2�@��(����nɌ��\��;g�8�[�-����ebb��.g蝣ky.w��Rt�2����v�R��W&��4\����Ϡ��K���*}�Yʦ��E�R!��צ=�����ּZ�O��˃�f������]]��}�W���ב;��d��ޚ(W��ye���Bn��z�B5o�Mk�i����&���/.� ����U�t����nK�����os�2Y|4�NRB��Zю) ���ڀ| ������-�X�fRRRˀ Plants prevent wind and water erosion by covering the soil and binding the soil with their roots. /A 220 0 R /Next 217 0 R /Prev 221 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 220 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 171 0 R /XYZ 0 252 null ] >> endobj 221 0 obj << /Title (New Mexico Content Standard:) /Next 219 0 R /Prev 222 0 R /Parent 172 0 R /A 223 0 R >> endobj 222 0 obj << /Title (Lesson 8.) Effects of Soil Erosion The most serious problem of Ethiopia’s land resources is soil erosion (Paulos, 2001). 0000015719 00000 n waterlogging and erosion risks, soil texture, depth and stoniness) reflected in the 0000007524 00000 n 0000012619 00000 n 0000007938 00000 n 0000008840 00000 n Soil Erosion Soil erosion is a naturally occurring process that affects all landforms. �E�_ 0000009286 00000 n 0000002589 00000 n 0000011047 00000 n 0000036220 00000 n The concern about global food security in relation to soil erosion and strategies for confronting the remaining problems in soil management and conservation are specifically addressed. Ways to Prevent Soil Erosion 1. 0000006385 00000 n Erosion control measures; Your primary course of action is to keep the soil … Observe basic principles such as: 1) Preserve existing vegetation as much as possible; 2) Mulch or seed bare soil immediately for the best and cheapest erosion protection; 3) Use silt fences, brush barriers, or other approaches to pond and filter sediment from runoff; 4) Install silt check dams made of rock, brush, or other products to prevent 2. 0000021827 00000 n Here are some basic principles of erosion control on construction sites (adapted from Brady and Weil, 1999): 1. There are four basic principles of erosion control and properly implementing all of them is the only way to ensure effectiveness. GENERAL DESIGN PRINCIPLES For an erosion and sedimentation control Figure 2.2. Processes and Principles of Erosion and Sedimentation. 0000007459 00000 n If it blows away, soil … This helps ensure that the soil is held in place against erosion that can often lead to a loss of small particles like clay 0000009049 00000 n /A 226 0 R /Next 222 0 R /Prev 227 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 226 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 171 0 R /FitH 550 ] >> endobj 227 0 obj << /Title (Unit C.) /A 228 0 R /Next 225 0 R /Prev 229 0 R /Parent 172 0 R >> endobj 228 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 171 0 R /FitH 591 ] >> endobj 229 0 obj << /Title (Next Lesson) /A 230 0 R /Next 227 0 R /Prev 231 0 R /Parent 172 0 R /SPI_AS << /S 0 /D (20020628#130610)>> >> endobj 230 0 obj << /S /GoToR /D [ 0 /XYZ 0 792 null ] /F 237 0 R >> endobj 231 0 obj << /Title (Previous Lesson) /A 232 0 R /Next 229 0 R /Prev 233 0 R /Parent 172 0 R /SPI_AS << /S 0 /D (20020628#130605)>> >> endobj 232 0 obj << /S /GoToR /D [ 0 /XYZ 0 792 null ] /F 236 0 R >> endobj 233 0 obj << /Title (Outline) /A 234 0 R /Next 231 0 R /Prev 173 0 R /Parent 172 0 R /SPI_AS << /S 0 /D (20020508#092440)>> >> endobj 234 0 obj << /S /GoToR /D [ 0 /FitH 795 ] /F 235 0 R >> endobj 235 0 obj << /Type /FileSpec /F (../Outline.pdf) >> endobj 236 0 obj << /Type /FileSpec /F (C6_7.pdf) >> endobj 237 0 obj << /Type /FileSpec /F (C7_1.pdf) >> endobj 238 0 obj << /S /GoToR /D [ 0 /Fit ] /F 239 0 R >> endobj 239 0 obj << /Type /FileSpec /F (../Welcome.pdf) >> endobj 240 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F4 242 0 R /F6 244 0 R /F14 253 0 R /F15 249 0 R /F16 250 0 R /F18 245 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 257 0 R >> >> endobj 241 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 0 /CapHeight 0 /Descent 0 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -24 -236 1000 758 ] /FontName /APGOOJ+GoudyOlStBT /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /XHeight 0 /CharSet (/I/H/v/period/colon/h/J/w/P/slash/i/F/L/d/y/n/zero/j/N/M/z/ampersand/one\ /k/O/equal/A/two/m/Q/x/three/o/parenleft/R/question/underscore/p/four/S/\ parenright/E/five/q/U/T/emdash/B/g/r/six/b/V/C/s/seven/W/c/D/comma/a/t/l\ /eight/e/G/hyphen/u/Y/f/nine) /FontFile3 255 0 R >> endobj 242 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 173 /Widths [ 273 324 0 769 0 0 0 0 362 362 0 833 272 343 272 285 545 545 545 545 545 545 545 545 545 545 272 272 0 833 0 0 0 721 676 699 772 574 546 742 780 319 322 696 542 875 819 809 620 809 653 597 646 771 678 979 788 670 685 0 0 0 0 0 0 516 574 473 572 532 287 525 565 252 257 551 252 875 564 558 572 572 428 412 397 564 478 759 537 478 498 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 273 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 343 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /APGOOH+Humanst521BT-Bold /FontDescriptor 243 0 R >> endobj 243 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 0 /CapHeight 0 /Descent 0 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -34 -227 1000 715 ] /FontName /APGOOH+Humanst521BT-Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /XHeight 0 /CharSet (/I/v/period/colon/h/w/P/slash/i/endash/F/L/d/y/n/j/N/M/one/k/O/A/two/m/x\ /three/o/R/p/four/S/E/q/five/U/T/emdash/B/g/r/six/b/V/C/s/seven/W/c/a/co\ mma/D/t/l/eight/e/G/u/nine/f) /FontFile3 254 0 R >> endobj 244 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 173 /Widths [ 248 328 328 769 495 786 822 0 370 370 500 833 248 331 248 278 495 495 495 495 495 495 495 495 495 495 272 272 0 833 833 365 0 752 595 683 741 562 527 722 771 321 321 675 551 878 759 788 547 788 646 530 659 733 711 991 659 602 549 370 278 370 0 500 0 450 486 442 508 444 273 439 539 251 249 501 255 766 541 493 493 500 338 343 329 517 485 657 493 424 355 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 248 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 331 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /APGOOJ+GoudyOlStBT /FontDescriptor 241 0 R >> endobj 245 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 173 /Widths [ 275 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 370 370 0 0 275 330 0 0 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 326 0 0 0 0 384 0 769 0 713 780 599 567 772 824 387 0 769 599 930 825 812 640 812 733 547 713 797 768 1060 0 713 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 492 549 486 556 492 329 495 579 285 282 591 285 857 581 539 549 546 394 385 329 581 514 765 543 505 407 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 275 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 330 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /APGOOF+GoudyOlStXBdBT /FontDescriptor 246 0 R >> endobj 246 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 0 /CapHeight 0 /Descent 0 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -71 -204 1044 740 ] /FontName /APGOOF+GoudyOlStXBdBT /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /XHeight 0 /CharSet (/g/m/colon/C/o/endash/c/d/y/n/l/e/S/E/U/f/six/r/h/P/s/i/L/a/t/eight/M/u/\ T) /FontFile3 258 0 R >> endobj 247 0 obj << /Length 1359 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream Runoff water into principles of soil erosion pdf as it moves downslope surface waters 2VX15CWM19 ) 2 erosion as well as other of! 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